Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. We say a hypergraph is Berge- -saturated if it does not contain a Berge-, but adding any hyperedge creates a copy of Berge-. The -uniform. For a (0,1)-matrix, we say that a (0,1)-matrix has as a \emph{Berge hypergraph} if there is a submatrix of and some row and column.

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Note that, with this definition of equality, graphs are self-dual:. A first definition of acyclicity for hypergraphs was given by Claude Berge: H is k -regular if every vertex has degree k.

An algorithm for tree-query membership of a distributed query. This definition is very restrictive: Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hypergraphs.

[] Forbidden Berge Hypergraphs

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In computational geometrya hypergraph may sometimes be called a range space and then the hyperedges are called ranges.

In mathematicsa hypergraph is a generalization of a graph in which an edge can join any number of vertices. The 2-colorable hypergraphs are exactly the bipartite ones.

One of them is the so-called mixed hypergraph coloring, when monochromatic edges are allowed. On the universal relation. In particular, there is a bipartite “incidence graph” or ” Levi graph ” corresponding to every hypergraph, and conversely, most, but not all, bipartite graphs can be regarded as incidence graphs of hypergraphs. In other words, there must be no monochromatic hyperedge with cardinality at least 2.


A hypergraph automorphism is an isomorphism from a vertex set into itself, that is a relabeling of vertices. Dauber, in Graph theoryed. One possible generalization of a hypergraph is to allow edges to point at other edges. Hypergraphs have many other names. This notion of acyclicity is equivalent to the hypergraph being conformal every clique of the primal graph is covered by hy;ergraphs hyperedge and its primal graph being chordal ; it is also equivalent to reducibility to the begge graph through the GYO algorithm [5] [6] also known as Graham’s algorithma confluent iterative process which removes hyperedges using a generalized definition of ears.

When a mixed hypergraph is colorable, then the minimum and maximum number of used colors are called the lower and upper chromatic numbers respectively.

[] Linearity of Saturation for Berge Hypergraphs

While graph edges are pairs hypergrapns nodes, hyperedges are arbitrary sets of nodes, and can therefore contain an arbitrary number of nodes. There are many generalizations of classic hypergraph coloring. Many theorems and concepts involving graphs also hold for hypergraphs.

Views Read Edit View history. A partition theorem due to E. The 2-section or clique graphrepresenting graphprimal graphGaifman graph of a hypergraph is the graph with the same vertices of the hypergraph, and edges between all pairs of vertices contained in the same hyperedge.

A hypergraph is said to be vertex-transitive or vertex-symmetric if all of its vertices are symmetric. hypergrsphs

So, for example, this generalization arises naturally as a model of term algebra ; edges correspond to terms and vertices correspond to constants or variables. Although hypergraphs are more difficult to draw on paper than graphs, several researchers have studied methods berye the visualization of hypergraphs.


In another style of hypergraph visualization, the subdivision model of hypergraph drawing, [21] the plane is subdivided into regions, each of which represents a single vertex of the hypergraph. Similarly, a hypergraph is edge-transitive if all edges are symmetric. However, it is often desirable to study hypergraphs where all hyperedges have the same cardinality; a k – uniform hypergraph is a hypergraph such that all its hyperedges have size k. The degree d v of a vertex v is the number of edges that contain it.


In essence, every edge is just an internal node of a tree or directed acyclic graphand vertices are the leaf nodes. Some methods for studying symmetries of graphs extend to hypergraphs. In this sense it is a direct generalization of graph coloring. Yhpergraphs, for the above example, the incidence matrix is simply.

Minimum number of used distinct colors over all colorings is called the chromatic number of a hypergraph. There are variant definitions; sometimes edges must not be empty, and sometimes multiple edges, with the same set of nodes, are allowed. A hypergrapsh is bipartite if and only if its vertices can be partitioned into jypergraphs classes U and V in such a way that each hyperedge with cardinality at least 2 contains at least one vertex from both classes.