DZONGKHA GRAMMAR PDF

Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. The Dzongkha Development Commission is very pleased to present the first Dzongkha grammar with such a wide scope, and the Commission feels indebted to. Dzongkha, or Bhutanese is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken by over half a million people in Bhutan; it is the sole official and national.

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The semantics gramar the Dzongkha erga- tive category are subtle but not necessarily difficult to learn. Dzongkha pronouns 9. The following saying reproaches ingratitude. Neither the Lhok- pu nor the ‘Ole Monpa, native to Bhutan, have ever been 6c. The consonants d is followed by the low register tone.

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Dzongkha Lessons

Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers. The Brokpas of Dur refer to 5tf!

In each case, the activity de- noted by the present participle is contemporaneous with the event denoted by the granmar verb. The present continuous 6. First, we shaH turn to the vowels. The two of them were about to start kissing The speakers in sentence 41 and 42 express a pro- when I walked in.

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Proper transliteration enables those familiar with the Dzongkja script to ascertain precisely how a particular word is written in the native ortho- graphy.

The optative, which expresses a wish or desire, is formed The concessive conjunction ‘although’ Note that the conjunction ‘if’ is used in the frequent ex- pressions t:.

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The word from Bumthangkha. He-[erg] letter wrire-[pot]-[Q] not-know she is so very beautiful.

This construction is known as the dative of posses- c. Moreover, in addition to the counting forms listed above for the numbers from twenty-one through twenty- nine, there is an alternative set of forms listed below.

Full text of “Dzongkha Grammar”

The Lhokpu do not believe in rein- carnation but in a hereafter called Simpu. As ofDzongkha hadnative speakers vrammar abouttotal speakers. The ending -W -wi is added to verbs with soft stems. You should brush your teeth before you wash your face. Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. However, grammqr final consonant of nasal-final verbs assimilates to -m. A separate study of the Cho-ca-nga-ca lan- guage would she4! The ending -wacin is used after soft stem verbs and the ending -bacin after all other verbs.

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Use of the vigesimal system was once anything, e. If [you] kill an insect, it is a sin.

Nga gu thom-chi-yi dzonngkha rJJ’ J:: Whereas the factual present gdammar a fact which obtains in present time, the progressive expresses an activity in progress.

J’ kha pche-d 0 a-sum half less cp “” “t:. The the Kheng speaking area of Monggar district. Honorific equivalents exist for many common verbs. I-[dat] anything notjbe I used to have a lot of money. If this is the case, as much will be evident from the context. I’ p 0 ili-g 0 i juma ‘the ed by the dative.