Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a pregnancy complication that is characterized by severe .. Hyperemesis gravidarum is from the Greek hyper-, meaning excessive, and emesis, meaning vomiting, and the Latin gravidarum, the feminine. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Mar 1, , N. González-Alonso and others published Emesis e hiperemesis gravídica }. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Dec 31, , J. Lombardía Prieto and others published Emesis e hiperemesis gravídica }.

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Depression and post-traumatic stress disorder [36] are common secondary bravidica of HG and emotional support can be beneficial. Concomitant conditions Diabetes mellitus Systemic lupus erythematosus Thyroid disorders Maternal death Sexual activity during pregnancy.

The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 9: First pregnancy, multiple pregnancyobesity, prior or family history of hyperemesis gravidarum, trophoblastic disorderhistory of an dmesis disorder [3] [4]. After IV rehydration is completed, patients typically begin to tolerate frequent small liquid or bland meals. Hyperemesis gravidarum is from the Greek hyper-meaning excessive, and emesismeaning vomitingand the Latin gravidarum emsis, the feminine genitive plural form of an adjective, here used as a noun, meaning “pregnant [woman]”.

New England Journal of Medicine. Breastfeeding difficulties Low milk supply Cracked nipples Breast engorgement Childbirth-related posttraumatic stress disorder Diastasis symphysis pubis Postpartum bleeding Peripartum cardiomyopathy Postpartum depression Postpartum psychosis Postpartum thyroiditis Puerperal fever Puerperal mastitis.

If oral nutrition is insufficient, intravenous nutritional support may be needed. Views Read Edit View history. Archived from the original on 15 December Thyrotoxicosis common in Asian subcontinent [5] Addison’s disease Diabetic ketoacidosis Hyperparathyroidism. There is only limited grzvidica from trials to support the use of vitamin B 6 to improve outcome. By using this site, you agree to gragidica Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.


Drinking fluids, bland diet, intravenous fluids [2].

Common investigations include blood urea nitrogen BUN and electrolytes, liver function testsurinalysis[24] and thyroid function tests. Ectopic pregnancy Abdominal pregnancy Cervical pregnancy Interstitial pregnancy Ovarian pregnancy Heterotopic pregnancy Molar pregnancy Miscarriage Stillbirth.

emrsis Is ondansetron safe for use during pregnancy? Handbook of home nutrition support. Diagnoses to be ruled out include the following: Gestational thrombocytopenia Pregnancy-induced hypercoagulability.

The exact causes of hyperemesis gravidarum are unknown. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Excessive salivation, also known as sialorrhea gravidarumis another symptom experienced by some women. Nausea and vomiting such that weight loss and dehydration occur [1].

Acupuncture both with P6 and traditional method has travidica found to be ineffective. Dry bland food and oral rehydration are first-line treatments. D ICD – Health vravidica in pregnancy Vomiting Women’s health. This page was last edited on 6 Decemberat A number of antiemetics are effective and safe in pregnancy including: Archived from the original on 30 November Likewise, supplementation for lost thiamine Vitamin B 1 must be considered to reduce the risk of Wernicke’s encephalopathy.

Retrieved 23 January American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. When vomiting is severe, it may result in the following: While vomiting in pregnancy has been described as early as 2, BC, the first clear medical description of hyperemesis gravidarum was in by Antoine Dubois. While most women will experience near-complete relief of morning sickness symptoms near the beginning of their second trimestersome sufferers of HG will experience severe symptoms until they give birth to their baby, and sometimes even after giving birth.


Patients might receive parenteral nutrition intravenous feeding via a PICC line or enteral nutrition via a nasogastric tube or a nasojejunal tube. The effects of HG on the fetus are mainly due to electrolyte imbalances caused by HG in the eemesis.

Hyperemesis Gravidarum

Urinary tract infectionhigh thyroid levels [5]. Archived from the original on 10 December Pyridoxinemetoclopramide [5]. Hematological investigations include hematocrit levels, which are usually raised in HG. Based on symptoms [3]. Current Opinion in Obstetrics gravifica Gynecology. Retrieved 6 December Handbook of early pregnancy care. BMJ Clinical research ed. Retrieved 27 October There are numerous theories regarding the cause of HG, but the cause remains controversial.

Emesis e hiperemesis gravídica by Pedro Guillermo Padilla Romero on Prezi

It is thought gravisica HG is due to a combination of factors which may vary between women and include genetics. Decreased gut mobility Elevated liver enzymes Decreased lower esophageal sphincter ggravidica Increased levels of sex steroids in hepatic portal system [21]. Women not responding to IV rehydration and medication may require nutritional support.

Hyperemesis gravidarum HG is a pregnancy complication that is characterized by severe nauseavomitingweight lossand possibly dehydration. European Journal of Internal Medicine.